What causes joint pain in the human body

Everyone will at least suffer from a certain extent of discomfort at the joints in their lifetime regardless of the site. Joints are the hinges between bones and they are constantly being used in our daily activities. Sometimes, we will suffer from joint soreness, aches or discomfort especially after sports or carrying heavy loads, this is absolutely normal and these sensations will subside in a few days time. However, there are certain individuals who suffer from joint pain constantly and for a longer duration with other symptoms, the causes have to be thoroughly investigated to identify more sinister causes, then appropriate treatment can be commenced without delay. Joint pain treatments by Mediviron is reliable and efficient as the in-house doctors are well-trained and experienced in such cases.

The most common cause of joint pain is usually trauma-related injuries. For a sports person, joint pain is no longer a stranger, as their joints are constantly under stress and they are more prone to suffer from sports injuries such as sprains, tendonitis (inflammation of tendons), bursitis (inflammation of fluid-filled sacs in joints) or ligament tears. Tendonitis and bursitis usually lead to chronic joint pain whereas sprains and ligament tears always give rise to acute pain. If these injuries are not managed well, it may eventually lead to osteoarthritis in the future. Apart from that, one who suffered from bone fractures or trauma onto the joints can lead to bleeding into the joint space, a condition known as haemarthrosis. The blood will increase the pressure within the joint space, creating a tense and painful joint which affect the patient’s mobility. Things get even worse if the blood-filled space is infected by pathological organisms which will cause associated systemic symptoms, further deteriorate the patient’s condition.

Gout is also another condition that will provoke pain in the joint, especially toe joints, finger joints, elbow joints or less commonly, knee joints. This group of individuals will suffer from gouty attacks if they consume a diet with high uric acid such as red meat or they do not comply with their medication intake. During the gouty attack, one will experience immense pain with swelling and redness on the affected joints, if this condition is left untreated, tophi (white gouty crystal) will form in these joints, restricting mobility and causing pain.

In addition, there are rheumatological conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) which are characterized by joint pain as well. These conditions affect women more compared to men. Patients with SLE will experience a specific type of joint pain known as migratory polyarthritis where the pain will migrate from one joint to another, involving multiple joints at the same time. As for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, morning joint stiffness at extremities for more than half an hour is the classical symptom. In severe cases, affected joints will become deformed, rendering these patients with chronic pain and immobility of affected joints. Along with joint pain, there are symptoms that will occur for a doctor to diagnose such conditions.

Joint pain is one of the most frequent complaints among elderly people. The culprits for their complaint are usually osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. Both conditions are considered as degenerative diseases whereby osteoarthritis usually occur in the joints, characterized by loss of joint space, bone density and formation of osteophytes leading to pain and limited movements. Meanwhile, osteoporosis is a gradual loss of bone density and mineral at any part of the bone, increasing the chance of patients sustain from a pathological fracture. Other rarer causes such as fibromyalgia, chondromalacia, rickets and bone cancers can also cause joint pain. Thus, it is important to entrust a reliable doctor for diagnosis of causes for joint pain, so you are in a good hand for the most suitable management.